oil equivalent a day (mboe/d) in 2020 to 352 mboe/d by 2045.
Dr Mohammad Barkindo, OPEC Secretary-General, made this known on
Monday in Abuja at the Fifth Nigeria International Energy Summit’s
”No single source of energy can meet this demand growth alone,”
Barkindo said quoting OPEC’s World Oil Outlook, its flagship
publication which looked at the longer term projections for the
This, he said was due to the phenomenal economic changes stating that
global economy in 2045 would be more than double the size from 125
trillion U.S dollars in 2020 to almost 270 trillion U.S. dollars in
2045, based on 2017 purchasing power parity (2017 ppp).
According to the secretary-general, the global population is expected
to reach 9.5 billion people by 2045, an increase of 20 per cent.
“Demand for ‘Other renewables’ – combining mainly solar, wind and
geothermal energy- represents the single largest incremental
contribution to the future energy mix, rising from 6.8 mboe/d in 2020
to close to 36.6 mboe/d in 2045.
“Moreover, it is also the fastest growing energy source with its share
in the global primary energy mix. This means renewables’ share of the
energy mix is projected to rise from 25 per cent in 2020 to 10 per
cent in 2045.
“Clearly, multiple sources of energy are required to meet this rise in
demand. Oil is forecast to remain the fuel with the largest share of
the global energy mix until 2045,” he noted.
He recalled that in 2020, oil accounted for 30 per cent of global
energy requirements and by 2045, it was expected to account for
approximately 28 per cent oil and gas together are still expected to
account for more than 50 per cent in this time horizon.
“We need to ensure energy is accessible and affordable for all; we
need to transition to a more inclusive, fair and equitable world in
which every person has access to energy as referenced in UN
Sustainable Development Goal Seven (SDG7).
“And we need to reduce emissions. It is an energy sustainability
trilemma, with each piece having to move in unison.
“The challenge of tackling emissions has many paths, as evidenced by
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United Nations
Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris
“It is not just one path for all, whether that be a country or an industry.
“The capacities and national circumstances of developing countries
must be taken into account in all actions.
“In order to not render countries already struggling even more
besieged, it is necessary to carefully consider the adverse
socio-economic impacts on these countries due to mitigation
activities, in order to identify remediation measures and share best
practices,” he said.
He added that cumulative oil-related investment requirements amounted
to 11.8 trillion U.S. dollars in the 2021-2045 period.
According to him, of this, 80 per cent, or $9.2 trillion is in the
upstream, with another 1.5 and 1.1 trillion U.S. dollars needed in the
downstream and midstream, respectively.
The OPEC boss said the investment requirements, clearly underlined
that any talk of the oil and gas industries being consigned to the
past and of the need to halt new investments in oil and gas was
”Any shortfall could have severe consequences, particularly if supply
falls and demand does not. We could see crude oil and product
shortages, all of which would have an impact on the global economy,”
He said investing in technologies such as blue hydrogen and Carbon
Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS), while harnessing the ‘reduce,
reuse, recycle and remove’ carbon principles were all critical paths
towards a sustainable society in Africa.
”These principles not only minimise the environmental impacts of Green
House Gas (GHG) emissions, but also contribute to achieving
socioeconomic development and prosperity,” he said.
Additionally, he said hydrogen production development could make
Africa a net exporter in the global market.
He further noted that the unfortunate reality for developing countries
was that a staggering 759 million people worldwide did not have access
to electricity in 2019, with three out of four of them in sub-Saharan
Moreover, he said there were roughly 2.6 billion people or 34 per cent
of the global population who did not have access to clean cooking
fuels and technologies.
This, he said, included a massive 70 percent of Africans who had no
access, exposing them to high levels of household air pollution.
According to him, the energy poverty numbers for Africa are stark and
Africa accounts for less than three per cent of global emissions.
“As an industry, we must approach these critical issues together
through dialogue and cooperation, ensuring that all voices are heard
and all viewpoints are considered.
“In this manner, we can reinvent the industry to allow it to fit with
a just, equitable and fair energy transition, where no one is left
behind.” Barkindo noted. (NAN)