The deadly attacks and killings between the Fulani and the Hausa
communities in the North West which have always been concealed in the
Nigerian media has been mentioned in a Califonian US Media, OZY.
In his writing, OZY senior editor, Kasturi Sudan Kasturi said rarely a
day passes when they don’t hear of catastrophic floods or devastating
fires somewhere but sadly added that newsfeed is often also dominated
by acts of extremism or terrorism including the Famers/ Herders and
the Fulani/ Hausa conflict which has led to the killings of many
people in the Nigeria’s North West and other parts.
The Editor said it’s tempting to treat the causes of climate change
and radical ideologies differently.
He said there’s growing evidence to suggest that the two are
In this week’s Global Dispatch, Editor Kasturi said it’s time for the
world’s spooks to join the fight against climate change if they want
to stop terrorists.
THE TALIBAN’S HIDDEN ALLY
When President Joe Biden and 40 other world leaders gathered for a
virtual summit on climate change organized by the U.S. in April, the
list of speakers had an unlikely name on it: Director of National
Intelligence Avril Haines.
“For the intelligence community, climate change is both a near-term
and a long-term threat that will define the next generation,” she
said, addressing the group.
It’s extremely rare for America’s top spy to speak to a giant
gathering of foreign leaders — especially one including the country’s
biggest strategic rivals. Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian
President Vladimir Putin were in Haines’ audience.
Yet the moment captured a growing acknowledgment by intelligence
agencies the world over that climate change is no longer a subject
related primarily to science and economics. Today, it’s increasingly a
national security threat that’s already impacting how countries deal
with the issues of mass migration, extremism and deadly terrorism.
This week, the United Nations warned that a million Afghan children
could die of hunger as the war-torn South Asian nation faces a
crippling food shortage. This comes weeks after the Taliban grabbed
control of most of the country, including the capital, Kabul. The U.N.
has managed to secure pledges of donations worth more than $1 billion
for Afghanistan, but it’s unclear just how far that will go in
preventing starvation deaths in a country where poverty levels are
projected to shoot up from an already desperate 72% to 97% by
What is clear is that this growing humanitarian crisis helped catalyze
the Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan. In evaluating the
stunning collapse of the country’s democratically elected government
last month, analysts have focused on that regime’s corruption — as
well as on America’s failure to secure commitments from the Taliban
before agreeing to withdraw and the lack of a fight put up by
NATO-trained Afghan soldiers.
But the Taliban’s rapid resurgence in recent years, culminating in
this moment, has also been aided by historic extreme weather events —
floods and droughts — that have devastated the livelihoods of
Afghanistan’s farmers. More than 60% of Afghans depend on agriculture
for income. With that no longer a reliable source, they’ve been more
vulnerable to the entreaties of a militant group willing to pay them a
steady income to take up arms against a discredited regime — one that
let them down. This too has been a factor in the Taliban’s dramatic
drive to power that forced America, the world’s most powerful nation,
to beat a chaotic retreat from the country.
This isn’t just about what’s happened in Afghanistan, though. As we
remember those we lost 20 years ago on 9/11, we must ensure that we
get better at predicting and preventing the conditions that enable
dastardly terrorist groups from gaining strong foundations. And
climate change is a factor that strategic thinkers and the
intelligence community can no longer treat as an afterthought.
In Nigeria, where growing aridity because of climate change is robbing
farmers of their livelihood, the terrorist group Boko Haram has found
a fertile recruiting ground. Also in Africa’s most populous nation, a
growing scramble for limited resources between farmers and herders has
in recent years spiraled into a deadly ethnic conflict between the
Fulani and Hausa communities.
Meanwhile, according to the Global Terrorism Index released by the
Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), Burkina Faso, Mozambique,
Congo, Mali, Niger, Cameroon and Ethiopia are all among the nations
that have seen an increase in terrorism. Common to all of them, the
IEP points out, is the fact that they face “various ecological
Chad, another country on the front line of the fight against
terrorism, is among the nations most vulnerable to climate change.
Lake Chad has shrunk by 90% since the 1960s.
Across the continent in Somalia, droughts have forced the displacement
of 1.3 million people since last year. It’s little surprise that the
country is a hotbed of extremism. At least seven people were killed in
a suicide car bombing in the capital Mogadishu on Tuesday. The
al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab terror group has claimed responsibility. And
in Iraq, water shortages fueled the Islamic State group’s recruitment.
With What Editor Kasturi has written, African leaders must rise us to
the challenge climate change pose to the continent in the face of
Global Terrorism recruitment.